Review and evaluation of the evidence for cancer associated with air pollution

final report
  • 3.78 MB
  • English

The Office , Research Triangle Park, NC
Carcinogenesis., Air -- Pollution -- Physiological ef
Statementprepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Pollutant Assessment Branch, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards under contract no. 68-02-3396 ; prepared by Clement Associates, Inc., I.C.T. Nisbet ... [et al.].
ContributionsNisbet, Ian C. T., United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Pollutant Assessment Branch., Clement Associates.
LC ClassificationsRC268.5 .R48 1984
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2663768M
LC Control Number85601168

Get this from a library. Review and evaluation of the evidence for cancer associated with air pollution: final report. [Ian C T Nisbet; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Pollutant Assessment Branch.; Clement Associates.;]. In the present review, we examine the epidemiologic evidence regarding the association between air pollution measures and breast cancer risk.

Recent Findings: We identified seventeen studies evaluating the risk of breast cancer associated with air pollution. A higher risk of breast cancer has been associated with nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and Cited by: Outdoor air pollution may also be associated with poorer cancer survival, although further research is needed.

This report presents an overview of outdoor air pollutants, sources, and global levels, as well as a description of epidemiological evidence linking outdoor air pollution with cancer. The authors evaluated support in the literature for the hypothesis that ambient air pollution causes childhood cancer.

The PubMed database was searched for original articles, which were reviewed for evidence of a relation with the main types of childhood cancer, using criteria including sample size, magnitude and precision of relative risk estimates, presence of a dose–response pattern Cited by:   Epidemiologic evidence on the relation between ambient air pollution exposure and cancer is reviewed.

The well-documented urban/rural difference in lung cancer incidence and the detection of known carcinogens in the atmosphere gave rise to the hypothesis that long-term exposure to air pollution may have an effect on lung cancer risk. However, problems inherent in assessing Cited by: Introduction.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified outdoor air pollution and airborne particulate matter as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) for lung cancer based on findings from observational and experimental studies as well as from strong mechanistic evidence ().Recent meta-analyses reported positive associations of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter.

This evidence derives from studies of lung cancer trends, studies of occupational groups, comparisons of urban and rural populations, and case-control and cohort studies using diverse exposure metrics. Recent prospective cohort studies observed 30 to 50% increases in lung cancer rates associated with exposure to respirable particles.

Air Pollution Is a Leading Cause of Cancer. By Kate Kelland and Stephanie Nebehay LONDON/GENEVA (Reuters) - The air we breathe is laced with cancer.

Details Review and evaluation of the evidence for cancer associated with air pollution FB2

A review of evidence regarding whether ambient air pollution exposure is a risk factor for can cer in found solid data to conclude that long-term exposure to PM (fine. This systematic review (Lam et al., ) was the first systematic review and metaanalysis of the literature on the association between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and air pollution and ultimately concluded that there was “limited evidence of toxicity.” While there was a relatively rich database of human evidence, we found several.

whether the air pollution mixture as a whole causes cancer. The IARC Monographs Programme had previously confirmed that components of air pollution (e.g. benzene) and air pollution mixtures (e.g. diesel exhaust and coal smoke) are cancer-causing. The latest review identified that air pollution as a whole, as well as the small particles that.

Air Pollution and Human Cancer analyzes the evidence for the possible contribution of air pollution to the origin of human cancer. Distinguished experts in various areas of cancer research report on: air pollution and cancer: an old and a new problem; - sources, nature and levels of air pollutants; - measurement and monitoring of individual exposures; - experimental evidence for the.

Particulate Air Pollution Standards and Morbidity and Mortality: Case Study another review of the same evidence by W are et al. for systematic review and evaluation of studies so that the.

They summarize research into the effects of air pollution common in contemporary European cities on infant health, the development of lung fuction, childhood infections, the development and severity of allergic diseases (‎including asthma)‎, childhood cancer and neurobehavioural development.

In this section we discuss the causes of air pollution. You will find out about the current evidence on the global burden of air pollution, its effects on respiratory health, the most at-risk populations, and options for managing its impact.

Traffic-Related Air Pollution. Book • We illustrate the elements of systematic reviews through an evaluation of systematic reviews of traffic-related air pollution and health and the strengths and limitations of the systematic review methods used in this topic area.

Air pollution is associated with staggering levels of morbidity. The review addresses: factors determining emissions, the contribution of traffic to pollution levels, human exposure and the results of epidemiological and toxicological studies to identify and measure the health effects.

This book is designed for two main audiences: policy-makers and experts in transport-related air pollution and public health.5/5(1). Air pollution may be damaging every organ and virtually every cell in the human body, according to a comprehensive new global review.

The research shows head. New research has linked air pollution nanoparticles to brain cancer for the first time. The ultra-fine particles (UFPs) are produced by fuel burning, particularly in diesel vehicles, and higher.

Outdoor air pollution classified as human carcinogen. Particulate matter in outdoor air pollution classified as human carcinogen - Sufficient evidence for lung cancer - Positive associations with urinary bladder cancer.

Data includes general population studies/environmental levels.

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Exposure to high levels of pollution was associated with a high child mortality rate from all causes (IRR =95% CI: –) and respiratory causes (IRR =95% CI: –).

The findings indicate that there are associated adverse health outcomes with air pollution in urban slums. The following review looks at the epidemiological evidence and concludes: "The weight of the epidemiological evidence indicates no increased risk for childhood cancer associated with exposure to traffic-related residential air pollution." Int J Cancer.

Jun 15;(12) Air pollution and childhood cancer: a review of the.

Description Review and evaluation of the evidence for cancer associated with air pollution FB2

Ambient air pollution accounts for an estimated million deaths per year due to stroke, heart disease, lung cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. Around 91% of the world’s population lives in places where air quality levels exceed WHO limits.

While ambient air pollution affects developed and developing countries alike, low- and middle. Inlung cancer resulting from air pollution took the lives ofpeople worldwide.

As pollution levels climb, so will the rate of cancer. Ambient Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes: A Review of the Literature By Sram, Radim J.; Binkova, Blanka; Dejmek, Jan; Bobak, Martin Environmental Health. Air pollution is a cause of concern for human health.

For instance, it is associated with an increased risk for cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory disorders. In vitro and in vivo studies suggested that air pollutants could act as endocrine disruptors, promote oxidative stress and exert genotoxic effect.

Whether air pollution affects female infertility is under debate. Environment pollution is a wide-reaching problem and it is likely to influence the health of human populations is great. This paper provides the insight view about the affects of environment pollution in the perspective of air pollution, water and land/ soil waste pollution on human by diseases and problems, animals and trees/ plants.

New Delhi, October The first-ever comprehensive analysis of air pollution's global impact on newborns finds that outdoor and household particulate matter pollution contributed to. Household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel combustion contributes to % of the global burden of disease.

HAP emissions are an established lung carcinogen; however, associations with other cancer sites have not been fully explored. We conducted a meta-analysis of 18 case–control studies. Using fixed-effects models, utilizing the adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%.

Systematic Review of Traffic-related Air Pollution (TRAP) and Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy. Scoping review of the evidence for transgenerational inheritance of health effects associated with exposure to a wide range of stressors.

NTP monograph on developmental effects and pregnancy outcomes associated with cancer chemotherapy. It represents a drop from a estimate, when the EPA predicted an average of 42 cancer cases per million people based on air pollution levels. The EPA stressed that its .This review updates the epidemiologic evidence and provides risk estimates for the Global Burden of Disease study.

METHODS: Searches were conducted of 10 databases to July for studies of clinically diagnosed or pathologically confirmed lung cancer associated with household biomass use for cooking and/or heating.The IARC evaluation showed an increasing risk of lung cancer with increasing levels of exposure to particulate matter and air pollution.

Although the composition of air pollution and levels of exposure can vary dramatically between locations, the conclusions of the Working Group apply to all regions of the world.

A major environmental health.